It was called the National Constituent Assembly, though it was more popularly known as the National Assembly. The National Convention occurred from September 1792 until October 1795, during some of the most violent periods of the French Revolution. The National Assembly was formed by the representatives of the Third Estate of the Estates General. Monks and nuns were encouraged to return to private life. from Columbia College Chicago M.F.A. Drawing by Jacques-Louis David of the Tennis Court Oath. Before I explain l why the National Assembly was formed, I think we should review the context in which the National Assembly was created. What are the differences between the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire? What is the dream of Martin Luther King, Jr? The Second Estate comprised noble people. Sieyès stated that the people wanted genuine representatives in the Estates-General, equal representation to the other two orders taken together, and votes taken by heads and not by orders. The Constituent Assembly was also divided into the Constituent Assembly of India and Pakistan after the partition. What was the impact of the Renaissance on art? The three years under the National Convention would prove eventful, divisive and violent. In politics, a national assembly is either a unicameral legislature, the lower house of a bicamerallegislature, or both houses of a bicameral legislature together. O They hoped to persuade the king to lower taxes. Following the storming of the Bastille on July 14, the National Assembly (sometimes called the Constituent Assembly) became the effective government of France. Both groups clashed, and finally, the Commons formed their own assembly, which would become the National Assembly. The National Assembly played a major role in the French Revolution. Due to them being the only estate that had to pay taxes when they where already poor. The Oath signified for the first time that French citizens formally stood in opposition to Louis XVI, and the National Assembly’s refusal to back down forced the king to make concessions. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at French Revolution - National Assembly. With this capstone, the National Constituent Assembly adjourned in a final session on September 30, 1791. Why was the National Assembly formed? Why was it formed the way it was formed? from University of Notre Dame, Top subjects are Literature, Social Sciences, and Law and Politics. This suggests that while the Third Estate was referred to as the commoners, its delegates belonged largely to the bourgeoisie and not the most-oppressed lower classes. Many Parisians thought that the King was going to shut down the National Assembly. Add your answer and earn points. The old judicial system, based on the 13 regional parliaments, was suspended in November 1789 and officially abolished in September 1790. Following the storming of the Bastille on July 14, the National Assembly became the effective government of France. The Estates General consisted of three groups. After the Third Estate discovered that the royal decree granting double representation upheld the traditional voting by orders, its representatives refused to accept the imposed rules and proceeded to meet separately. The National Constituent Assembly was formed from the National… A member of the lower house of some legislative assemblies a body of fundamental principles or established precedents acc… Influenced by the doctrine of natural right, it stated that the rights of man were held to be universal, becoming the basis for a nation of free individuals protected equally by law. What landmark decisions were taken by the National Assembly led by the Third Estate on 4th August, 1789. asked Feb 20, 2019 in History by Amita ( 88.4k points) the french revolution In January 1789, Sieyès authored a pamphlet What Is the Third Estate?, a response to finance minister Jacques Necker’s invitation for writers to state how they thought the Estates-General should be organized. “Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmanuel_Joseph_Siey%C3%A8s, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Assembly_(French_Revolution), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennis_Court_Oath, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estates-General_of_1789, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declaration_of_the_Rights_of_Man_and_of_the_Citizen, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Constituent_Assembly, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Is_the_Third_Estate%3F, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennis_Court_Oath#/media/File:Le_Serment_du_Jeu_de_paume.jpg, https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-worldhistory/. 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