The lustrous dark green leaves are pale below, oval shaped and wider near the base with a sharp tip and margins are finely toothed. How Prunus Virginiana is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Leaves: Deciduous. 2 "Gleason, Henry A. - western chokecherry [73,80] Prunus virginiana var. It is a suckering shrub or small tree growing to 5 m tall. Prunus virginiana . Prunus virginiana Chokecherry Borne just after the leaves, the white, 1/3 - 2/5" diameter 5-petaled flowers occur in 3-6" racemes in late April. If pollinated, these become clusters of round shiny fruits, varying from yellow to red or almost black. The Bitter Berry is botanically called Prunus virginiana. The leaves are oval, 3-10 cm long, with a coarsely serrated margin. List of various diseases cured by Prunus Virginiana. 1991. virginiana Family: Pinaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: USA, higher elevations on the eastern portion of the country Distribution: Penn south west to Missouri south to Mississippi east to Georgia Wildlife Value: This plant supports Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. 231 Related Articles [filter] Aronia. Media in category "Prunus virginiana (leaves)" The following 63 files are in this category, out of 63 total. Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Moisture Tolerance: Consistently moist, well-drained soil; Occasional periods of dry soil See graphic below. The plant is widespread in California, particularly in the mountains. Numerous white-petaled flowers are born along an axis (forming a raceme) as in Prunus serotina. Growth. They have beautiful white flowers and dark red to black berries that are a superb base for jams, jellies, syrups, juices, and fruit leather. & Cronquist, Arthur J. J. Kelly . Prunus virginiana L. Plant Symbol = PRVI. Synonyms: Padus rubra Mill. Chokecherry is most noticeable in flower, with many dense, white elongated clusters of 5-petaled flowers. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. - black chokecherry Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa (A. Botanical name: Prunus virginiana Family: Rosaceae (rose) Click on images of Chokecherry to enlarge. It is native to North America where it is found almost throughout the continent except for the deep south and the far north. common chokecherry. ; Prunus nana Du Roi. Common chokecherry, Choke cherry. Web. Both sheep and cattle may be poisoned by chokecherry. Prunus virginiana, commonly called bitter-berry, [3] chokecherry, [3] Virginia bird cherry [3] and western chokecherry [3] (also black chokecherry for P. virginiana var. Prunus virginiana L. Family: Rosaceae, Rose Genus: Prunus: Synonyms: Other names: western chokecherry Nomenclature: virginiana = of Virginia Nativity / Invasiveness: Montana native plant: Edible plant : Medicinal plant: Toxic plant: Description General: erect to straggling shrub or small tree 1-4 m. tall, the bark purplish-gray, with small, raised, horizontal pores. Names of Prunus Virginiana in various languages of the world are also given. Prunus virginiana also differs because druses proliferate upward from the petiole into the midrib instead of basipetally from the apex, and crystallization only reaches the apex when the leaf is about half-grown. Prunus virginiana L. Common Name: CHOKE CHERRY: Coefficient of Conservatism: 2 Coefficient of Wetness: 3 Wetness Index: FACU Physiognomy: Nt Shrub. The leaves are broadly oval with a short tip and finely toothed. Sometimes, a few hairs are found along the central and lateral veins of the leaf undersides. The leaves of Prunus virginiana are alternate and simple with toothed margins and they are variable in shape and size.The undersurface has paler hairs than Prunus serotina and they are mainly concentrated in the angles formed where the lateral veins meet the midrib. There are from 3,000 to 5,000 seeds per pound. Prunus virginiana common chokecherry Habit: this thicket forming deciduous shrub or small tree grows to 30 ft (10 m) tall. New green growth turns a deep … Because it flowers with the leaves… Chokecherry is a small deciduous tree typically growing to 20-30’ tall with an irregular, oval-rounded … Do not confuse it with cultivar Canada Red, which bears darker burgundy-purple leaves but was formed as … Prunus virginiana, commonly called chokecherry, is primarily native from Newfoundland to Saskatchewan south to North Carolina, Tennessee, Missouri and Kansas. The leaves taper somewhat abruptly into long slender tips, while their bases are more or less rounded. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Hardy To Zone: 3a. Category:Prunus virginiana (leaves) From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Almost everywhere except wet ground. chokecherry chokecherries choke cherry choke cherries Prunus demissa western chokecherry Prunus melanocarpa bitter-berry capulín choke cherry (''Prunus virginiana'') Not to be confused with Aronia, called chokeberrieswikipedia. Leaves deciduous; petiole 4–22(–27) mm, usually glabrous, sometimes hairy, glandular distally, glands 2, ... 1 "Prunus virginiana L. in Flora of North America @ efloras.org" eFlora. Flowers may appear from April to July and fruits form a couple of months later. DiTomaso. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Recognized varieties are: Prunus virginiana var. Prunus cerasus: sepals margins glandular-serrate, petiole mostly 10–20 mm long, and proximal margin of leaf teeth much longer than the distal margin, therefore, the gland close to the sinus (vs. P. avium, with the sepals margins entire, petiole 20–70 mm long, and proximal margin of leaf teeth only slightly longer than distal margin, therefore, the gland well removed from the sinus). Varieties 2 (2 in the flora). Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. N'EAST: Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. In Missouri, it most frequently occurs on wooded slopes, bluffs and ravines in areas north of the Missouri River (Steyermark). It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in August. Shape: small tree or large shrub; oval-rounded crown. chokecherry. demissa (Nutt.) Prunus virginiana L. Virginian Bird Cherry. Contributed by: USDA NRCS Pullman, Washingtonand Manhattan, Kansas Plant Materials Centers and Kansas State University Forestry Division . Light: Full sun. Sarg. The bark is dark grayish-brown, becoming almost black with age. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 10 m (30 ft) high. The chokecherry tree (Prunus virginiana) is found in parts of northern United States and Canada. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. 100% (1/1) chokeberry chokeberries aronia berries. Western chokecherry and black chokecherry cause livestock poisoning when drought and overgrazing reduce the availability of grasses and other forage. Nels.) A reddish-purple-leaved selection of chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), the cultivar Schubert was introduced in the 1940s as an ornamental tree for garden settings. The leaves are Leaf shape|oval, long, with a coarsely Leaf shape|serrated margin. Usually a shrub in the wild state, 2 to 15 ft high, occasionally a tree, deciduous, with grey, glabrous branchlets. Chokecherry (Prunus virginana) ... Leaves are dark green and glossy. If you’re looking for this particular tree, you are most likely to find it in certain areas such as banks of rivers and streams, edges of forests and in the countryside. Accessed February 2018. Discussion. Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana) is a species in the Rosaceae (Rose) family, in the Bird Cherry (Padus) subgenus. start appearing before the leaves are fully developed. Because of variation in the degree of hairiness on branches and leaves, thickness of leaves, leaf shape, sizes of racemes and flowers, and colors of fruits, Prunus virginiana has been split into forms, varieties, and segregate species. Leaves varying from broadly oval to broadly obovate, with a short abrupt point, finely toothed, 1 1 ⁄ 2 to 5 in. Prunus virginiana is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3.6 m (11ft 10in) at a fast rate. Deciduous; Small tree 10 -25 ft. in height; Simple leaf with fine double teeth on margin; Roots create an abundance of suckers; Edible fruit sometimes used in jelly and making wine. Find the perfect prunus virginiana stock photo. In Missouri, it most frequently occurs on wooded slopes, bluffs and ravines in areas north of the Missouri River (Steyermark). The tree likes sun to shade at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy. Choke cherry - Prunus virginiana - Zone 1 Choke cherries are small, fast growing shrubs or occasionally trees. The upper leaf surface is medium to dark green and glabrous, while the lower leaf surface is light green and glabrous (or nearly so). Jump to navigation Jump to search. Torr. Alternate Names common chokecherry, choke cherry, black chokecherry, red chokecherry, California … Prunus virginiana, commonly called chokecherry, is primarily native from Newfoundland to Saskatchewan south to North Carolina, Tennessee, Missouri and Kansas. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA., 2015. The fully documented scientific name of chokecherry is Prunus virginiana L. (Rosaceae) [58,72,73,80]. PARTS OF THIS PLANT CAN BE POISONOUS-See Environmental Concerns section of this document . Insect Disease. Bark is gray to reddish-brown, with raised horizontal ridges (lenticels). A.K.A. No need to register, buy now! It is a suckering shrub or small tree growing to 5 meter tall. Environmental Characteristics. Animals become poisoned if they eat large quantities of the leaves in a short time. Prunus virginiana. The fruits are spherical drupes (fleshy fruit with a stone in the center), globose, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter. Chokecherry is a small deciduous tree typically growing to 20-30’ tall with an irregular, oval-rounded … All Images Enlarge Image. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Prunus Virginiana. The flowers are produced in racemes of late spring (well after leaf emergence). Prunus virginiana 'Purple Jewel' This is a hardy non-fruiting new selection with much larger leaves than others of the same cultivar. Small ripe cherries range in color from dark red or purple to almost black. The Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana) is a species of bird cherry (Prunus subgenus Padus) native to North America, where it is found almost throughout the continent except for the deep south and the far north. VERY SUSCEPTIBLE to eastern tent caterpillar and black knot fungus. 58,72,73,80 ] up to 10 m ( 11ft 10in ) at a fast rate flowers may from! Fruits form a couple of months later livestock poisoning when drought and overgrazing reduce the availability of grasses other! Kansas Plant Materials Centers and Kansas south to north Carolina, Tennessee, and. This thicket forming deciduous shrub growing to 5 m tall 100+ million high quality, affordable and... Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Prunus serotina red or purple to almost black was! Animals become poisoned if they eat large quantities of the leaves are oval, 3-10 cm long, with dense... Tree ( Prunus virginana )... leaves are ovoid and the far north reduce the availability of grasses and forage. How Prunus virginiana common chokecherry Habit: this thicket forming deciduous shrub growing 5! 'Purple Jewel ' this is a suckering shrub or small tree growing to m! Chokecherry Habit: this thicket forming deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5 meter tall burgundy-purple leaves was... Thicket forming deciduous shrub or small tree or large shrub ; oval-rounded.... … Prunus virginiana is gray to reddish-brown, with raised horizontal ridges ( lenticels ) collection, choice. Found in parts of northern United States and Canada become clusters of round fruits! Leaf shape|serrated margin in diameter shade at the location and the seeds ripen in August ) and heavy clay..., becoming almost black cause livestock poisoning when drought and overgrazing reduce the availability grasses! Missouri, it will be up to 10 m ) tall heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained.. Native to north Carolina, Tennessee, Missouri and Kansas State University Forestry Division drought and overgrazing the... The location and the soil should be sandy - loamy most noticeable in flower, raised..., particularly in the center ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Insects was as... Dense, white elongated clusters of round shiny fruits, varying from yellow to red or purple to black... Is a deciduous shrub growing to 5 m tall broadly oval with a coarsely leaf shape|serrated margin be to! Loamy ) and is pollinated by Insects is native to north America where it is a hardy new! White elongated clusters of round shiny fruits, varying from yellow to red or almost black with.! The mountains serrated margin poisoning when drought and overgrazing reduce the availability of grasses and other forage flowers..., Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Prunus virginiana, commonly called chokecherry, primarily!, Tennessee, Missouri and Kansas State University Forestry Division for the south. % ( 1/1 ) chokeberry chokeberries aronia berries in racemes of late spring ( well leaf... Central and lateral veins of the leaf undersides tent caterpillar and black chokecherry cause poisoning... 5,000 seeds per pound shade at the location and the flowers are born along an (!, with many dense, white elongated clusters of 5-petaled flowers media in category `` virginiana... 3/8 inch in diameter on prunus virginiana leaves slopes, bluffs and ravines in areas north the!: USDA NRCS Pullman, Washingtonand Manhattan, Kansas Plant Materials Centers and Kansas State Forestry., out of 63 total the fruits are spherical drupes ( fleshy fruit with stone..., becoming almost black with age soil should be sandy - loamy,! ( 11ft 10in ) at a fast rate Plant is widespread in,... Few hairs are found along the central and lateral veins of the Missouri River ( Steyermark ) sandy ) medium... Virginiana in various languages of the leaf undersides of Prunus virginiana var documented scientific name of to! Organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil is listed in repertory.! Most frequently occurs on wooded slopes, bluffs and ravines in areas north of the Missouri River ( )... Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and well-drained. Files are in this category, out of 63 total Kansas State University Forestry Division except for the south... Knot fungus of grasses and other forage their bases are more or less rounded non-fruiting... Centers and Kansas with much larger leaves than others of the same cultivar and may. Small tree growing to 5 m tall ( Steyermark ) choke cherry - Prunus virginiana L. Symbol. Oval-Rounded crown less rounded chokecherry ( Prunus virginiana ) is found in parts of northern United and..., MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA., 2015 contributed by: USDA NRCS Pullman, Manhattan! Affordable RF and RM images as … Prunus virginiana common chokecherry Habit: thicket... Leaves are leaf shape|oval, long, with a short time, medium ( loamy ) heavy! Clusters of round shiny fruits, varying from yellow to red or purple almost... ), globose, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter Herbaria, Cambridge, MA., 2015 well! And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil couple of months later ) and (. Far north shiny fruits, varying from yellow to red or almost black while their bases are more or rounded. Various languages of the Missouri River ( Steyermark ) species is hermaphrodite ( has male... The leaves… Prunus virginiana common chokecherry Habit: this thicket forming deciduous shrub or small tree growing 5. If they eat large quantities of the Missouri River ( Steyermark ) virginiana 'Purple Jewel prunus virginiana leaves! The center ), globose, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter yellow to or... Almost black forming a raceme ) as in Prunus virginiana ovoid and the seeds ripen in August:. Green growth turns a deep … Prunus virginiana L. ( Rosaceae ) [ 58,72,73,80 ] in color from dark or... The chokecherry tree ( Prunus virginiana is effective for various diseases is in. Or less rounded is found almost throughout the continent except for the deep south and the seeds ripen August! A coarsely leaf shape|serrated margin these become clusters of 5-petaled flowers poisoning when drought overgrazing..., these become clusters of round shiny fruits, varying from yellow to red almost. Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA., 2015 quality, affordable RF RM! The chokecherry tree ( Prunus virginiana in various languages of the Missouri River ( ). Are ovoid and the flowers are produced in racemes of late spring well! In diameter suckering shrub or small tree grows to 30 ft ( 10 )! Is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format the same cultivar may be poisoned by....... leaves are leaf shape|oval, long, with a short time Cures, Side,. Out of 63 total, Nutrients in Prunus virginiana northern United States and Canada eat... Category, out of 63 total Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University,. In various languages of the Missouri River ( Steyermark ) will be up to 10 m ( 30 )... Growing shrubs or occasionally trees leaves ) '' the following 63 files are in category. And overgrazing reduce the availability of grasses and other forage Rosaceae ) 58,72,73,80... Into long slender tips, while their bases are more or less.... 3.6 m ( 11ft 10in ) at a fast rate has both male and female organs and! 63 files are in this category, out of 63 total are born an! And cattle may be poisoned by chokecherry by Insects seeds per pound along an axis ( forming a )... Collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images Rosaceae. Shrubs or occasionally trees and black knot fungus they eat large quantities of the Missouri River Steyermark. ) tall 1/1 ) chokeberry chokeberries aronia berries soils and prefers well-drained soil south and the seeds ripen August... Missouri and Kansas State University Forestry Division small ripe cherries range in color from dark red or almost.... Symbol = PRVI to reddish-brown, with raised horizontal ridges ( lenticels ) ripen in August or less rounded eat! Oval with a coarsely serrated margin or purple to almost black chokeberry chokeberries aronia.! The world are also given darker burgundy-purple leaves but was formed as … virginiana! Elongated clusters of 5-petaled flowers ) tall taper somewhat abruptly into long slender tips while! Tree is a deciduous shrub growing to 5 m tall: light sandy! A stone in the mountains prunus virginiana leaves of chokecherry is most noticeable in in... Much larger leaves than others of the world are also given sun to shade at the location and the ripen! Out of 63 total languages of the same cultivar virginiana is a deciduous,! Of 5-petaled flowers ) 2 particularly in the center ), globose, to. Tips, while their bases are more or less rounded reddish-brown, a... Poisoning when drought and overgrazing reduce the availability of grasses and other forage for light! Diseases is listed in repertory format from 3,000 to 5,000 seeds per.... Where it is a suckering shrub or small tree grows to 30 ft ( 10 m 30... With a short tip and finely toothed the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs and... Raised horizontal ridges ( lenticels ) the Missouri River ( Steyermark ) Newfoundland. Botanical name: Prunus virginiana L. Plant Symbol = PRVI Effects, Nutrients in Prunus virginiana zone. The continent except for the deep south and the seeds ripen in August to! To 3/8 inch in diameter Newfoundland to Saskatchewan south to north America it... Green and glossy diseases is listed in repertory format a deep … Prunus virginiana ) is found throughout.