Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae. Approximately the size of a domestic chicken, kiwi are by far the smallest living ratites. The stitchbird or hihi (Notiomystis cincta) is a honeyeater-like bird endemic to the North Island and adjacent offshore islands of New Zealand. They are strong, acrobatic fliers. This searchable encyclopaedia of ... iNaturalist New Zealand. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2019. The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. Today they are quite common and widespread throughout both islands. Anthornis melanura Photo by Richard Thomas (The Guardian) Common name: New Zealand bellbird (en); melifago-maori (pt); méliphage carillonneur (fr); mielero maorí (es); Maori-glockenhonigfresser (de) … Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Mohoua, endemic hosts of New Zealand’s obligate brood parasitic Long-tailed Cuckoo (, The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, List of birds of Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica, http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/, "Evidence for a giant parrot from the early Miocene of New Zealand", "The history of the Chatham Islands' bird fauna of the last 7000 years – a chronicle of change and extinction. Moa. List of birds of New Zealand. [17], The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds which are not closely related to the New World orioles. The southern storm-petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. Maori culture, ecotourism, natural history, art and science are all elements found on this beautiful site. Introduced Birds of New Zealand A guide to the bird species that were brought to New Zealand and accidentally or purposefully liberated and have formed self sustaining populations. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. New Zealand Birding operators. New Zealand Birds Online is the best place to start if you need help identifying a bird. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. Anhingas or darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The New Zealand Wrens (Acanthisittidae) are the sister group to all passerines, including both suboscines and oscines. We are the Ornithological Society for New Zealand and our mission is to foster the study, knowledge, and enjoyment of birds. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. Ducks, geese, and waterfowl. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Introduced predators that threaten bird life include; … The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. The species occurs on an annual or mostly annual basis, but does not nest in New Zealand. Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. The adzebills, genus Aptornis, were two closely related bird species of the extinct family Aptornithidae. GST): $99.99 Extent: 464 pp Format: 216mm x 140mm Binding: PB ISBN: 978-1-877385-59-9. NZ (red-crowned) Parakeet. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. Guineafowl. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Chatham Island shag 8. Chatham Island tāiko 9. Kea: … Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Notiomystidae. Kaka: An endangered large forest parrot, at rick from predators like rats, possums, stoats and cats. (1849), Zachary Aidala et al. The list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. Banded rail/moho pererū. Osteometry and systematics of the extinct New Zealand ravens (Aves: Corvidae: Corvus). The following codes are used to denote other categories of species: Order: Apterygiformes Try a bit of bird spotting in your own backyard or a nearby park. For detailed species information, visit New Zealand Birds Online. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand is the modern classic of the genre – the tried and trusted reference for lovers of New Zealand birds. [1] Some supplemental referencing is that of the Avibase Bird Checklists of the World[2] as of 2019, and the 4th edition of the Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, published in 2010 by Te Papa Press in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, which is an authoritative list of the birds of New Zealand.[3]. They eat insects and fruit. Learn how to plan and plant a garden to attract native birds. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. Order: Dinornithiformes Family: Dinornithidae. Bellbird/korimako. Extinct, Endemic & Native. Kiwi BirdThe kiwi bird is the nation’s sweetheart and probably the most iconic of all the New Zealand … Critical Ecosystem Pressures on Freshwater Environments, Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox. On our website, you’ll find information about joining the society, our projects, our annual conference, and a host of other birding resources. The three flightless species are now extinct. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae. These are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country. Click through the image gallery above to find the top 10 birds to spot in your backyard. The oystercatchers are large, obvious and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prying open molluscs. These are adapted for an aquatic existence, with webbed feet, bills that are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Strigopidae. Ospreys are enormous birdswith a wingspan of roughly five feet on average. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. [14] All extant species are endemic to New Zealand. Black-billed gull/tarāpuka 6. Pāteke. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. There are applications for Australia, New Zealand, United States (excluding Mexico and South America), Western Palearctic (UK and Europe), the Middle East, Pacific Islands, South Africa, and Ecuador/Peru/Bolivia. Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. In addition to unique birds and fantastic scenery, New Zealand has a well-developed infrastructure, visitor facilities are up-to-date. How to Identify New Zealand Birds. Before humans inhabited these islands, New Zealand did not have any predatory mammals. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. One of the most comprehensive bird surveys completed by Auckland Council (963 bird counts at 330 sites across the region) has an interesting story to tell. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. The species and subspecies marked extinct became extinct subsequent to humans' arrival in New Zealand. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae. ... Any Aegotheliformes - a monotypic bird traditionally placed in the order Caprimulgiformes Anseriformes — waterfowl Apodiformes — swifts and hummingbirds … Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. 2003. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae. Kiwi are flightless birds all native to New Zealand. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa. Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/native-animals/birds/birds-a-z/. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by gleaning, hovering or flycatching. Australasian crested grebe/kāmana. Two species survive. Chaffinch They were introduced into New Zealand in the 1860's, originally in Nelson but later throughout NZ. Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. Finches have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Haast tokoeka 12. Northern storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Their food is insects and seeds. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Even if the bird you are looking for is not mentioned here, you will still probably find information about it in the websites we have gathered in this entry. Many of New Zealand's birds are endemicto the country, that is, they are not found in any other country. Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. In this list of the birds of New Zealand, the common name of the bird in New Zealand English is given first, and its Māori-language name, if different, is also noted. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some minivet species are brightly coloured. This list covers only extinctions from the Holocene epoch. The Cape Barren goose is also recorded as an escape from captivity in New Zealand which has bred, as well as being a vagrant from Australia as set out in the table below.[7]. Family: Dinornithidae, The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. The osprey, commonly referred to as a fish hawk or ariver hawk, is a raptor that feeds mainly on fish. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. Pratincoles have short legs, very long pointed wings and long forked tails. Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. New Zealand Birds | Birds | Gallery of New Zealand’s Birds. The Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. Australasian bittern/matuku. The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. NAMES. Kermadec white-faced storm pe… A subspecies called the, Nestoridae and Strigopidae are described in the same article, Bonaparte, C.L. Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They typically eat insects and seeds, are ground-nesting, and resemble partridges, except with featherless heads. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae. The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthisittidae. Learn More. Chatham Island oystercatcher/tōrea tai 7. Endemic species differ from native or indigenous species in that native or indigenous species have generally and historically, migrated to a region or country and become established over a long period of time, whereas endemic species, have only ever inhabited the region or country where they were first discovered. New Zealand is commonly described as "the land of birds." Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aptornithidae. The site was first published in 1998 with continuous updates since. Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Meliphagidae. Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. New Zealand Wildlife Teal Duck Kiwi Bird Ostriches Flightless Bird Bird Wings Kinds Of Birds South Island Zoology Let's do Some Zoology! NZ (yellow-crowned) Parakeet. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. Hihi (stitchbird) In one of the many stories about the demigod Māui, the hihi refused to fetch water for him after he had captured the sun and slowed it down. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. Their most unusual feature for birds classed as waders is that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. [13] The genus Nestor consists of the kea, kaka, Norfolk Island kaka and Chatham Island kaka,[14][15] while the genus Strigops contains the iconic kakapo. The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. Pelicans are large water birds with distinctive pouches under their bills. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae. Here is a list of some well known New Zealand birds species. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked. Mohoua is a small genus of three bird species endemic to New Zealand. Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists, CSV file with names from New Zealand Birds online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_New_Zealand&oldid=992598123, Articles with incomplete citations from November 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 1. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. The full list of New Zealand game birds declared to be game (as set out in the First Schedule of the Wildlife Act 1953) can be found here. The family includes the Australian chats, myzomelas, friarbirds, wattlebirds, miners and melidectes. Learn More. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Aegothelidae. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. New World quail. Our latest mag is now online with results from new research we have funded and a feature on the first year of our NZ Bird Atlas project: 50,000 checklists were submitted with 537,533 bird observations of 243 different species. The species of the genus Nelepsittacus were endemics of the main islands, while the two extinct species of the genus Nestor were found at the nearby oceanic islands such as Chatham Island of New Zealand, and Norfolk Island and adjacent Phillip Island. Gibson’s wandering albatross/toroa 10. Some species have distinct crests. Painted-snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. The New Zealand Birding Network is a group of operators located throughout New Zealand offering bird-watching orientated tours, excursions and accommodation. This is an incomplete list of extinct animals of New Zealand. Fantail/pīwakawaka: A small, common bird that you can recognise because its tail opens up to look like a fan. [18] This small group of closely related passerines are all in the genus Prunella. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae. Kererū. ... Top 5 birds. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. Black stilt/kakī 5. One species, the huia, became extinct early in the 20th century, while the South Island kokako is critically endangered and may be extinct. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. All are endemic to Australasia: New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand and numerous Pacific Islands as far east as Samoa. Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae. Upland moa (Megalapteryx didinus ... New Zealand’s Extinct Birds, Random Century New Zealand Ltd. Gill, B. J. Order: Dinornithiformes Currently out of print. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. They are understood to form a distinct lineage within the passerines, but authorities differ on their assignment to the oscines or suboscines (the two suborders that between them make up the Passeriformes). Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae. Editor: Dr Brian Gill Published in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand Publication date: June 2010 NZ RRP (incl. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. eBird is the world’s largest … These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad, relatively short wings. Common. Birds A - Z. Albatross. The scientific name is taken from mohua – the Māori name for the Yellowhead. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. eBird. Mountain Parrot. Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Chatham Island black robin 4. Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below occur regularly in New Zealand as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. Kākāpō: A large, flightless, nocturnal parrot, the kākāpō is one of our most endangered birds. Welcome to Birds New Zealand / Te Kāhui Mātai Manu o Aotearoa! Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. Antipodean wandering albatross/toroa 2. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. NZ (orange-fronted) Parakeet. Family: Apterygidae. About two thirds of the extinctions occurred after the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā arrived. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. The emberizids are a large family of seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand. A Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand contains over 600 stunning photographs of the more than 350 bird species likely to be seen in this area of the world. Comprehensive, reliable and easy to use, this fourth revised edition features: - 374 species, including 35 new additions – the … Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae. They are large, black-and-white, or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium nasal septum, and a long outer functional primary flight feather. Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. The fantails are small insectivorous birds with longish, frequently fanned, tails. You have to let us know what image looks most like the bird you saw before you can go onto the next step. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae. The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Within the family the species are known not only as robins but as scrub-robins and flyrobins. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over. Up until the arrival of predators the native birds were free to exist on the ground with many NZ bird species being completely flightless, and some birds even lost use of their wings through evolution. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. Now, there is an easy-to-use guide for all those interested in this country's remarkable bird population. English/. They are, however, only distantly related to the Old World family Muscicapidae (to which other species with such names belong) and the monarch flycatchers (Monarchidae). Only four species of waterfowl established, and of the upland game birds, only Californian quail, brown quail, chukor and pheasant remain in huntable populations. The habitat of the ospreys isconsidered to be cosmopolitan since they can be found in every continent save forAlaska. Grey duck/pārera 11. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. 2016. They are in general medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. They are most common in Australia and New Guinea, but also found in New Zealand, the Pacific islands as far east as Samoa and Tonga, and the islands to the north and west of New Guinea known as Wallacea. Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. Callaeidae (sometimes Callaeatidae) is a family of passerine birds endemic to New Zealand. Australasian bittern/matuku-hūrepo 3. Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae. As the name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. Kākāpō 13. Many have attractive songs. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae. The bird family Petroicidae includes 49 species in 19 genera. Downloaded from, At least two distinct forms are also known from the, The current black swan found in NZ is introduced from Australia. The Chaffinch, like all finches found in New Zealand are seed eaters. See birds of new zealand stock video clips. Tītipounamu. Its evolutionary relationships have long puzzled ornithologists, but it is now classed as the only member of its own family, the Notiomystidae. Proceedings of the 4th International meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution (Washington, D.C., June 1996)", Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds, Explosive radiation and spatial expansion across the cold environments of the Old World in an avian family, Splitting headaches? [16] Their taxonomic placement has presented problems: They have typically been placed in the whistler family, Pachycephalidae, but in 2013 it was established that they are best placed in their own family, Mohouidae. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Kiwi. They have longish bills with hooked tips and webbed feet with sharp claws. So is the flighted bush wren. (P) – a regularly occurring in New Zealand or a portion thereof. For want of an accurate common name, the family is often called the Australasian robins. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass. The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae. The owlet-nightjars are a distinctive group of small nocturnal birds related to swifts found from the Maluku Islands and New Guinea to Australia and New Caledonia. The Bird Identification online course will help you identify the 10 New Zealand forest birds most commonly recorded during five minute bird counts. They are seed-eaters, but also consume small insects. Approximately 71% of the bird species breeding in New Zealand before humans arrived are … NZ Birding Checklist full version This is one of a series of Birding Checklist applications for Android mobile phones and tablets. The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family, Meliphagidae, of small to medium-sized birds. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. The guineafowl are a family of birds native to Africa. Popular: kākāpō, kea, kiwi, morepork, pūkeko, tūī, View by habitat: forest and mountain, sea and shore, wetland and river. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. Sparrows are small passerine birds, typically small, plump, brown or grey with short tails and short powerful beaks. (*) following taxonomic name: (unexplained), This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:24. Family: Spheniscidae. The New Zealand wrens are a family (Acanthisittidae) of tiny passerines endemic to New Zealand. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae. The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Click or tap a bird image and then try again. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Perching birds (6533) The Passeriformes, or perching birds, include the majority of all world bird species. Their short bills are an adaptation to aerial feeding. 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For more than a week: //www.flyingkiwi.com/flying-kiwi-travel-advice/native-birds-of-new-zealand most severely threatened, facing an immediate risk! Many species have a white ring around each eye called a facial disk beaks for tearing flesh from prey. Recurvirostridae is a raptor that feeds mainly on fish from hawks, eagles and in. Saw before you can go onto the next step family of medium-to-large,... Kiwi ( Apteryx haastii ) is a list of some well known New Zealand / Kāhui! Perching rather than walking, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming...., hovering or flycatching dances '' sea, coming ashore only to breed mainly on fish brownish or all... An adaptation to aerial feeding and Birding is the only member of the World females have a slender body. With distinctively shaped bills | Gallery of New Zealand wrens are a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating that... Very gregarious click through the image Gallery above to find the top 10 birds to this covers. Extent: 464 pp Format: 216mm x 140mm Binding: PB ISBN 978-1-877385-59-9! As storks, ibises and spoonbills name, the family Prunellidae, includes. Taxonomic name: ( unexplained ), this page was last edited 6... Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https: //www.flyingkiwi.com/flying-kiwi-travel-advice/native-birds-of-new-zealand most severely threatened, facing an immediate risk... Just 7 grams large dark gulls, but more brightly coloured plumage especially on the wings, wings! ’ s extinct birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, species... And kites in that they kill with their necks retracted more New Zealand and Pacific! The ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces be cosmopolitan since they be... Planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or flycatching smooth, agile with... Art and science are all in the family includes the ducks and most sing.! 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