Read 42 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Minority rights – how to ensure multi-ethnicity and pluralism for religious and ethnic minorities? Poor law enforcement and an ineffective justice system, Lack of transparency and accountability in public office, Polarization between the few who are wealthy and the many who are poor, Weak actual protection of the human rights of vulnerable groups (women, children, minorities, journalists, political activists), Involvement of the military in political questions, Ending the Muslim insurgency in southern Mindanao, Nominated by the President and confirmed by a commission on appointments, Nominates the Cabinet and other high officials, Elected by districts or a party-list system, Introduces and passes legislation by a majority vote, Conductes inquiries in pursuit of passing legislation, Declares war with joint two-thirds vote of Congress, Introduces and passes financial legislation, Conduct inquiries in pursuit of passing legislation, Declaring war with joint two-thirds vote of Congress, Administrative supervision over other courts, Jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors and public officials. These archaeological findings indicated that regular trade relations between the Philippines, China and Vietnam had been well established from the 10th century to the 15th century A.D. US establishes civil government to replace military rule, The Commonwealth of the Philippines is established under President Manuel Quezon and the US promises independence in 10 years, The US grants the new Republic of the Philippines full independence, Marcos is reelected despite allegations of elections fraud, Vietnam protests begin, Muslim separatists begin guerrilla war in the south, Marcos declares martial law, suspends parliaments, arrests opposition leaders, and imposes censorship regulations, New constitution adopted granting Marcos broad powers, Marcos wins reelection, martial law lifted, Oppoisiton leader Benigno Aquino killed as he returns to the Philippines from exile, Marcos opposed in elections by Aquino’s widow Corazon, mass protests of election results in favour of Marcos forces him into exile, Aquino replaced as President by defence minister Fidel Ramos, Peace agreement signed with Muslim separatist group, Joseph Estrada, former film star, elected President, Impeachment trial against Estrada suspended, leading to mass protests which replace Estrada with Vice-President Gloria Arroyo, Estrada found guilty of stealing more than 80 million dollars of state funds during Presidency, but later pardoned, Arroyo resists attempt to impeach her under allegations of vote-rigging, declares a state of emergency in response to an alleged military coup, Ethnic tensions mount between Islamic separatist groups and Christian majority, Beningo “Noynoy” Aquino, son of Corazon Aquino, elected President. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts, which prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. The Spanish later founded many small towns, which they called poblaciones, and from those centres roads or trails were built in four to six directions, like the spokes of a wheel. Manuel Quezon was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. Several coup attempts to topple the Aquino government failed. The first constitution, based on the United States Constitution, was written in 1935 and amended in 1940 and 1946. In the Spanish-American War of 1898, the revolutionaries sided with the Americans, hoping that, with the defeat of Spain, independence would be granted by the … When President Marcos declared martial law in 1972, that constitution was replaced by another one providing for a head of state, a prime minister, and a unicameral legislature. Constitution: There have been several previous constitutions; The latest was ratified under the Aquino government on February 2, 1987, and became effective on February 11, 1987 (2013). Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The history of the Republic of the Philippines and that of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) are intertwined. The Philippine Literary History 1. After President Aquino came into power in 1986, the government underwent political and economic reforms. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. They were ceded to the United States in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. Four days later, the Filipino rebels routed the Spaniards in Alapan, Cavite, a victory celebrated by Aguinaldo with the first, albeit informal, waving of the National Flag on Philippine soil. The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century. "Philippines Country Profile." In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. The subject of Philippine history is much broader and more splendid than the size and character of this little book reveal. As early as 1433, according to Parayan historical records, there was already a well-organized government on Aklan soil under the rule of Kalantiaw, the third chief of Panay. ‘The ideology of American ‘democracy’ which emphasised the limitation of state power was very different from the philosophy of the French in Indo-China, the Dutch in the Indies and the British in Malaya. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Required fields are marked *. 5 ("An Act for the Establishment and Maintenance of Our Efficient and Honest Civil Service in the Philippine Island") in 1900 by the Second Philippine Commission. the Philippine Independence Philippine Independence was eventually achieved on July 4, 1946. They were ceded to the United States in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. Historical Background of the Philippine Democratic Politics The different types of government in the Philippines from the beginning to the latest type of government 01 Pre-Spanish Era Exposed to Western colonization before it had the chance to grow either a centralized government administering over a huge region or a dominant culture. historical aspects of the Philippine educational system. Pre-Spanish Period Even before the colonization by the Spaniards in the Philippine islands, the natives of the archipelago already had practices linked to science and technology. The Philippines is a republic with a presidential form of government wherein power is equally divided among its three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Your email address will not be published. The 1935 constitution which featured a political system virtually identical to the American one, became operative. . Historical Background Basically, the CLG’s creation is geared towards the ideals of democratic and effective local governance under the Local Government Code of 1991. The 20-year rule of Ferdinand Marcos ended in 1986, when a “people power” movement in Manila (“EDSA 1”) forced him into exile and installed Corazon Aquino as president. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. Short Historical Background. The Philippine Commonwealth was inaugurated in 1935 under a democratic constitution patterned after the United States bicameral system. The educational system of the Philippines has been greatly influenced by events in the past thus resulting in the different challenges and problems in the present. Your email address will not be published. Philippine Government Structure with a Focus on the Philippine Barangay Author Paul R. Edleman, PhD Professor, Political Science and Speech Sauk Valley Community College Summary attention given to the smallest unit of Philippine government, the Barangay. Benigno Aquino III was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2010. The Government of the Philippines, also called Pamahalaan ng Pilipinas in their Filipino national language, was officially formed in 1898. Political repression and economic deterioration during the Martial Law Years resulted in the historic "People Power" Revolution of February 25, 1986. The civil service system in the Philippines was formally established under Public Law No. The ilustrados formed the Federalista … The government seeks to act in the best interests of its citizens through this system of check and balance. Republic of the Philippines On July 4, 1946, the Republic of the Philippines was established. Revolutionary Literature • are exposes that sparked revolution and resistance in the hearts of Filipinos. The first phase was from 1898 to 1935, during which time Washington defined its colonial mission as one of tutelage and preparing the Philippines for eventual independence. The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. If stabilized and well-carried out curricula are present in the whole country with the full backing of the government, this The Philippine Government faces threats from three terrorist groups on the US Government’s Foreign Terrorist Organization list, but in 2006 and 2007 scored some major successes in capturing or killing key wanted terrorists. The system called for a president to be elected at large for a four year term, a bicameral congress, and an independent judiciary In this book, he courageously exposed the evils in the Spanish-run government in the Philippines. A Civil Service Board was created composed of a Chairman, a Secretary and a Chief Examiner. Historical Background of the Philippine Government study guide by thezondi includes 73 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Fidel Ramos was elected president in 1992 and his administration was marked by greater stability and progress on economic reforms. Macapagal-Arroyo was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2004. Quizlet flashcards, … The paper provides a good background of the Philippine claim to Sabah, although it relies heavily on a two-volume set of documents published by the Philippine government. Better governance – how to make government more effective in meeting the nation’s aspirations? It was a major departure from the documents published by the Philippines government because it was the first to put the Sabah issue in its proper historical contest. Upon advice of Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista Aguinaldo, established a dictatorial government of the Philippines on May 24. Over time, social and political organization developed and evolved in the widely scattered islands. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or boats at least 709,000 years ago as suggested by the discovery of Pleistocene stone tools and butchered animal remains associated with hominin activity. Philippines' Revolutionary Era: Governments and Republics of that Period The new government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, deemed successor to the Government of the Philippine Islands, was inaugurated on November 15, 1935, following the first national election under the 1935 Constitution held on September 12, 1935, with Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña, as … Philippine History And Government book. This is a history of Philippine Local Governments from the pre-colonial period up to the present time. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Historical Highlights. Joseph Estrada was elected president in 1998, but was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, in January 2001 after Estrada’s stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another “people power” movement (“EDSA 2”) demanded his resignation. Compilation of documentaries of Philippine Presidents (Quezon to Arroyo only)videos from UNTV and PTV-4 The early governments struggled to repair the damage caused by World War II. History of Local Government Units in the Philippines - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Early History: The Philippine archipelago was settled at least 30,000 years ago, when migrations from the Indonesian archipelago and elsewhere are believed to have occurred. From 1965 to 1986, Ferdinand Marcos ran the country as a fiefdom. Additional migrations took place over the next millennia. The Philippine Government. In 1994, Ateneo de Naga University was accredited by the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) to implement their Integrated Capability Building Program (ICBP). Spreading growth – how to have more even regional development? Historical Background. Political organizations developed quickly, and the popularly elected Philippine Assembly (lower house) and the U.S.-appointed Philippine Commission (upper house) served as a bicameral legislature. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence from the United States. … In 1972, Martial Law was declared by then President Ferdinand Marcos. De-concentration of power – how to reduce the considerable power of the political and economic elites and give more actual power to the people? Decades of Muslim insurgency in the southern Philippines have led to a peace accord with one group and on-again/off-again peace talks with another. Marcos’s constitution d… Economic development – how to ensure that economic growth also benefits the poorer classes? In 1992, a democratic presidential election was held~ six years after the downfall of the government of Marcos. About The Government. There is further historical validity to the Aklanons’ dream of a separate province. The Republic of the Philippines was proclaimed on July 4, 1946, with Manuel Roxas as President. The important events marking the passage of the years at the Department are also milestones in the rise of the Philippines as an independent nation. What became known as the Malolos Congress was convened on September 15, 1898 and the first Philippine Constitution, called the Malolos Constitution, was approved on January 20, 1899, ushering what is called the First Philippine Republic. Rodrigo Duterte was elected to a six-year term as President in May 2016. 29. Find someone on the world’s largest marketplace for services starting at $5. History. Massive rehabilitation and rebuilding out of the devastation brought about by the war was started. Along the … 22/04/2011. Homo luzonensis, a species of archaic humans, was present on the island of Luzon at least 67,000 years ago. Philippines - Philippines - Local government: Before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, most people lived in small independent villages called barangays, each ruled by a local paramount ruler called a datu. ... and paved the way to the revolution against Spain. The basic unit of settlement was the Many subjects have only been briefly touched upon, and there are many sources of information, old histories, letters and official documents, which the writer had not time and opportunity to study in the preparation of this work. Filipinos were already aware of the medicinal and therapeutic properties of plants and the methods of extracting medicine from herbs. 21st Century Literature 2. 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